Saturday, 17 December 2016

English Grammar - Types Of Tense (Table Chart)

Types Of Tense

English Grammar - Types Of Tense (Table Chart)

Conventions Used:
P = Positive
N = Negative
I  = Interrogative
IN =Interrogative + Negative

PRESENT PAST FUTURE
SIMPLE
P-Sub(Sing)+V-1+s/es
    He plays
    Sub(PI)+V-1
    I play
N-Sub(Sing)+does not+V-1
    He does not play
    Sub(PL)+do not+play
    I do not play
I-Does+sub(Sing)+V-1?
   Does he play?
   Do+sub(PL)+V-1?
   Do I play?
IN-Does(Sing)+not+V-1?
   Does he not play?
   Do+sub(PL)+not+V-1?
   Do I not play?
SIMPLE
P Sub+V-2
   He played
   I played
N-Sub+did not=V-1
   He did not play
   I did not play
I-Did+Sub_V-1?
   Did he play?
   Did I play?
IN-Did+sub+not+V-1?
   Did he not play?
   Did I not play?




SIMPLE
P-Sub(I/We)+shall+V-1
   I shall play
   Sub(He/She/I/You/They)+will+V-1
   He will play
N-Sub+shall/will+not+V-1
   I shall not play
   He will not play
I-Shall/Will+sub+V-1?
   Shall I play?
   Will he play?
IN-Shall/Will+sub+not+V-1?
   Shall I not play?
   Will he not play?




CONTINUOUS
P-Sub+is/am/are+V-ing
   He is playing
   I am playing
   We are playing
N-Sub+is/am/are+not+V-ing
   He is not playing
   We are not playing
I-is/Am/Are+sub+V-ing?
   Is he playing?
   Are we playing?
IN-is/Am/Are+sub+not+V-ing?
   Is he not playing?
   Are we not playing?





CONTINUOUS
P-Sub+was/were+V-ing
  I was playing
  We were playing
N-Sub+was/were+not+V-ing.
  I was not playing.
  We were not playing
I-Was/Were+sub_V-ing?
  Was I playing?
   Were we playing
IN-Was/Were+sub+not+V-ing?
  Was I not playing?
  Were we not playing?




CONTINUOUS
P-Sub+shall be/will be+V-ing.
  I shall be playing.
  He will be playing.
N-Sub+shall/will+not+be+V-ing.
  I shall not be playing
  He will not be playing
I-Shall/Will+sub+be+V-ing?
  Shall I be playing?
  Will he be playing?
IN-Shall/Will+sub+not+be+V-ing?
  Shall I not be playing?
  Will he not be playing?







PERFECT CONTINUOUS
P-Sub+has been/have been+V-ing.
  I have been playing.
  He has been playing
N-Sub+has/have+*not+been+V-ing.
  I have not been playing
  He has not been playing.
I-Has/Have+sub+been+V-ing?
  Have I been playing?
  Has he been playing?
IN-Has/Have+sub+not+been+V-ing?
  Have I not been playing?
  Has he not been playing?
PERFECT CONTINUOUS
P-Sub+had been+V-ing.
  I had been playing.
  He had been playing.
N-Sub+had+not+been+V-ing
  I had not been playing.
  He had not been playing.
  I-Had+sub+been+V-ing?
  Had I been playing?
  Had he been playing?
IN-Had+sub+not+been+V-ing?
  Had I not been playing?
  Had he not been playing?

PERFECT CONTINUOUS
P-Sub+shall have been/will have been+V-ing.
  I shall have been playing.
  He will have been playing.
N-Sub+shall/will+not+have been+V-ing?
  I shall not have been playing.
  He will not have been playing.
I-shall/Will+sub+have been+V-ing?
  Shall I have been playing?
  Will he have been playing?
IN-Shall/Will+sub+not+have been+V-ing?
  Shall I not have been playing?
  Will he not have been playing?




If a sentence consists of more than one helping verb,the negative is formed by putting "not" after the first helping verb.

Example: I have not been staying in Chennai since 2005.

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