Saturday, 31 December 2016

Nouns That Exist In Plural Form

Nouns That Exist In Plural Form

Nouns That Exist In Plural Form

Plural because of many parts – no singular

(i) Articles of dress having two inseparable pans: breeches, braces, drawers, pants, pantaloons, trousers, knickers, shorts, pajamas.
Singular nouns ‘beech’, ‘brace’ and ‘drawer’ have different meanings.

(ii) Instruments having two inseparable parts
bellows, compasses, nutcrackers, pliers, pincers, scissors, shears, snuffers, tongs, forceps
             ‘Forceps’ is a Latin noun and its Latin plural is  ‘forcipes”. Its English plural was ‘forcepses’, but now ‘forceps’ is used as both singular and plural.

(iii) Diseases consisting of many parts (units, patches etc.)
measles, mumps, glands

They may be treated both as singular and plural.
Diseases like ‘chickenpox’, and smallpox’ were treated as plural formerly but now they are treated as singular.

Friday, 30 December 2016

List of Computer Acronyms

List of Computer Acronyms

List of Computer Acronyms

3GP = 3rd Generation Protocol
AAC = Advanced Audio Codec
ABC = Atanasoff and Berry Computer
AC3 = Dolby Digital Sound File
Adidas = Adolf (Adi) Dassler
ADT = Abstract Data Type
ADSL = Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AIIF = Audio Interchange File Format
ALGOL = Algorithmic Language
ALGOL = Algorithmic Language
ALU = Arithmetic Logic Unit
AMD = Advanced Micro Devices
AMR = Adaptive Multi Rate
ANSI = American National Standards Institute
API = Application Program Interface
APL = ‘A’ Programming Language
ARP = Address Resolution Protocol
ARP = Address Resolution Protocol
AS = Autonomous System
AS = Autonomous System
ASCII = American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASI = Asynchronous Serial Interface
ASP = Active Server Pages
ASP = Active Server Pages
ASP = Application Service Provider or Active Server Page
ATA = Advanced Technology Attachment
ATM = Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ATM = Automated Teller Machine or Asynchronous Transfer Mode
AVI = Audio Video Interleaved
BASIC = Beginners All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BASIC = Beginners’ All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BCC = Blind Carbon Copy
BCC = Blind Carbon Copy
BCD = Binary Coded Decimal
BCR = Bar Code Reader
BGP = Border Gateway Protocol
BIOS = Basic Input Output System
BIOS = Basic input Output System
BIPS = Billion Instruction Per Second
BMW = Bavarian Motor Works
BPS = Bit Per Second
BRD = Blue Ray Disc
BSNL = Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited
CAD = Computer Aided Design
CAD = Computer Aided Drawing
CAN = Campus Area Network
CC = Carbon Copy
CC =Carbon Copy
CD = Compact Disc
CD = Compact Disk
CD-R = Compact Disk Recorder
CD-RW = Compact Disk Rewriter
CDMA = Code Durian Multiple Access
CMOS = Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
CMOS = Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
CMYK = Cyan Magenta Yellow Black
CMYK = Cyan Magenta Yellow Black
CNM = Calculatory Network Mode
COBOL = Common Business Oriented Language
COM = Computer Output to Microfilm
COMPUTER = Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used for Training and Educational Research
CPU = Central Processing Unit
CRT = Cathode Ray Tube
DBMS = Data Base Management System
DCL = Data Control Language
DDL = Data Definition Language
DDR = Double Data Rate
DDR2 = Double Data Rate 2
DDR3 = Double Data Rate Type 3
DHCP = Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DHCP = Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DHTML = Dynamic Hyper Text Markup Language
DHTML = Dynamic HyperText Markup Language
DLR = Dynamic Language Run-time
DMA = Direct Memory Address
DML = Data Manipulation Language
DNS = Domain Name Server
DNS = Domain Name System
DPI = Data Per Inch
DPI = Dots Per Inch
DRAM = Dynamic RAM
DSL = Digital Subscriber Line
DSL = Digital Subscriber Line
DSLR = Digital Single-Lens Reflex Camera
DTH = Direct To Home
DVD = Digital Versatile Disk
DVD = Digital Video/Versatile Disc
EBCDIC = Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Format
EDCBIC = Extended Decimal Coded Binary Interchange Code
EDI = Electronic Data Interchange
EDI = Electronic Data Interchange
EDSAC = Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Computer
EDVAC = Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer
EEPROM = Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EEPROM = Electrically Erasable PROM
EFTPOS = Electronic Fund Transfer at Point of Sale
EMI = Electromagnetic Interference
ENIAC = Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer
EPROM = Electrically PROM
EPROM = Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EULA = End User License Agreement
EXE = Executable Format
FAT = File Allocation Table
FAX = Facsimile Technology
FDD = Floppy Disc Drive
FDD = Floppy Disk Drive
FDDI = Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FIFO = First In First Out
FIFO = First-In First-Out
FLV = Flash Live Video
FORTRAN = Formula Translating System
FPS = Frame Per Second
FTP = File Transfer Protocol
GIF = Graphics Interchange Format
GIF = Graphics Interchange Format
GIGO = Garbage in Garbage Out
GIGO = Garbage-In Garbage-Out
GPS = Global Positioning System
GSM = Global System for Mobile Communication
GUI = Graphical User Interface
GUI = Graphical User Interface
HDD = Hard Disc Drive
HDD = Hard Disc Drive
HDD = Hard Disk Drive
HDMI = High Definition Multimedia Interface
HDMI = High Definition Multimedia Interface
HDTV = High Definition Television
HP = Hewlett Packard
HT = Hyper Threading
HTML = HyperText Markup Language
HTTP = Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
HTTPS = Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure
HVD = Holographic Versatile Disc
IBM = International Business Machines Corporation
IC = Integrated Circuit
ICANN = Internet Corporation of Assign Names & Numbers
ICMP = Internet Control Message Protocol
IDE = Integrated Drive Electronics
IEEE = Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers
IMAP = Internet Message Access Protocol
IMAP4 = Internet Message Access Protocol Version 4
IMEI = International Mobile Station Equipment Identity
IMSI = International Mobile Subscriber Identity
IP = Internet Protocol
IPV4 = Internet Protocol Version 4
IPV6 = Internet Protocol Version 6
IRQ = Interrupt Request
ISDN = Integrated Servers Digital Network
ISDN = Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO = International Standard Organization/International Org. for Standardization
ISP = Internet Service Provider
IVR = Interactive Voice Response
JAD = Java Application Development
JAR = Java Archive
JBL = Jame B. Lansing
JPEG = Joint Picture Expert Group
JPEG = Joint Picture/Photographic Experts’ Group
LAN = Local Area Network
LCD = Liquid Crystal Display
LCD = Liquid Crystal Display
LCP = Link Control Protocol
LED = Light Emitting Diode
LED = Light Emitting Diode
LIFO = Last In First Out

Geography Quiz Available For Competitive Exams

Geography Quiz
Available For Competitive Exams

Geography Quiz Available For Competitive Exams

MCQs on Geography are available at website that can help you assess your knowledge about various topics of Geography.

MCQs are available on the following topics:

① Geography Quiz on The Amazing Earth

Wednesday, 28 December 2016

Analogy Test - 1

Analogy Test-1

Analogy means 'bearing a resemblance' or 'somewhat similar'. In this type of test, your ability to understand the relationship between two words is tested.

Analogy Test - 1

Important Points To Remember:

1. Analyse the relationship between the pair.
2. Look for paired words among the choices given with a similar relationship.
3. Eliminate the answers that do not appear to be the best.
4. Choose the best similar relationship choice.




Q2: XZY : WVU :: CAB :: ?

(a) UVW
(b) ABC
(c) FED
(d) DEF

Tuesday, 27 December 2016

Number Systems for Competitive Examinations

Number Systems

Number Systems for Competitive Examinations

Since ancient civilizations numbers have been used to count and measure items. Different symbols or numerals were used to denote the same number.

Figures 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 are called digits. The digit 0 is called insignificant while digits 1 to 9 are called significant. Decimal system (base 10) is used world wide as cited by Aristotle that we are born with ten fingers and ten toes.

Old civilizations like Maya civilization used base 20 or vigesimal system.

Numerals: All Arabic (digits 0 to 9) numbers that we use today are international numerals. There are ideograms created by Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khowarizmi (c.778 - c.850).

Natural Numbers:
Also called Counting Numbers.  Denoted by symbol N i.e. N = {1, 2, 3, 4,...}. It starts from one.

Monday, 26 December 2016

Schedules to the Indian Constitution

Schedules to the Constitution

Schedules to the Indian Constitution

The constitution of India originally contained only 8 schedules. At present, there are 12 schedules in the constitution.

First schedule: It consists of the list of the States and the Union territories.

Second Schedule: This schedule is related to salary and allowances of the president, governors, the Speaker, Supreme Court and High Court Judges.

Third Schedule: It contains forms of Oath and affirmation.

Fourth Schedule: It contains allocation of seats to each state and union territory in the Council of States.

Fifth Schedule: It provides for Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and Scheduled Tribes.

Sunday, 25 December 2016




Recognition of bravery and gallant has always been a very prestigious affair. The government of India recognise brave civilians and military personnel and grant the following gallantry awards:

Param Vir Chakra


The highest award for bravery or some daring and a pre-eminent act of valour or self-sacrifice in the presence of the enemy whether on land, at sea or in the air.


It is the second highest decoration and is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy whether on land at sea or in the air.

Friday, 23 December 2016

SSC STENO (Grade C & D) Entrance Examination 2016 - General Awareness-2

SSC STENO (Grade C & D) Entrance  Examination 2016

SSC STENO (Grade C & D) Entrance  Examination 2016 - General Awareness-2

General Awareness-2

61. Who among the following proposed the suggestion for a Constituent Assembly first in 1935?

(A) Gandhi
(B) J P Narayan:
(C) M N Roy
(D) Nehru

62. According to Paul Appleby the quality of good administrators is

(A) Integrity
(B) Loyalty
(C) Self-confidence
(D) Intelligence

63. The supply-side measure to control inflation is

(A) Price control through Public Distribution System
(B) Higher taxation to mop up liquidity
(C) Credit control
(D) Reducing public expenditure

Programmes (Schemes and Yojnas) Launched by PM Narendra Modi Government

Programmes (Schemes and Yojnas) Launched by PM Narendra Modi Government

Programmes (Schemes and Yojnas) Launched by PM Narendra Modi Government

1. Digital India (August 2014)
The Government initiative to empower India governance and nation economy digitally.

2. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojna (PMJDY) (Launched in 2014)
To ensure every citizen of India to have a bank account.

3. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (2014)
Cleanliness and awareness drive to make Indian cities clean. Previous governments also ran similar programmes e.g. Nirmal Bharat Programme. Swachh Bharat Cess has also been introduced along with service tax.

4. Atal Pension Yojna
Pension Scheme for 18 - 40 years old persons.
Provides subscribers a fixed minimum pension of Rs.1,000, Rs.2,000, Rs.3,000, Rs.4,000 or  Rs.5,000 per month starting at the age of 60 years

5. Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojna (PMJJBY)- Life Insurance
Rs.330 per subscriber for a coverage of Rs.2 Lacs (on his death).

6. Suraksha Bima Yojna - Death or Physical Disability Insurance
Every saving banks account holder to have a coverage of Rs.2 Lacs at the premium of Rs 12/-

Tuesday, 20 December 2016

List of Common Occupational Diseases

 Occupational Diseases

List of Common Occupational Diseases

Occupational Diseases: These are the diseases developed among the workers while working in a specific industry.

Here is the list of common occupational diseases that workers suffer from.

- Disease Cause and Effects
1. Asbestosis It is scarring and inflammation of lungs tissues. General sufferers are asbestos miners, workers who install asbestos sheets and officer workers work in offices having asbestos roof tops.
2. Silicosis Lung infection by inhaling silica dust. Miners, Tunnel and quarry operators suffer the most.
3. Pneumoconiosis Also called black lung disease. Common among coal miners and thermal power station workers.
4. Byssinosis Also called Monday Fever or Brown lung disease caused by inhaling cotton dust. Textile workers, workers of yarn, thread, and fabric industry are prone to this disease.

Monday, 19 December 2016

English Comprehension-1

English Comprehension

English Comprehension-1

Directions: Read the following passage and answer the following MCQs.

Disability refers to any kind of physical or mental incapacity that limits a person's ability to work. Yet it is seldom that we have thanked God for the gift of Good health and well being. The smallest actions like seeing the sunrise, brushing our teeth, popping peanuts into your mouth come so naturally and effortlessly, and Yet we are never satisfied, always discontented. It is not so for the disabled. For them it requires immense concentration, effort, will power, energy and a lot of time. Despite this, it could be a long way of perfection.

It takes great courage and determination to cope with disability. We can make life easier for them by becoming more sensitive to their handicap, their needs and their problems.

Feeling of pity or under sympathy will only shake their confidence. Give them encouragement, facilities and resources, and then watch them as they learn, earn, play, work and even start their families.

Very often we find that a person lacking in one faculty is gifted in some other way. That's nature's way of maintaining balance. Some of the most beautiful greeting cards are made by disabled children, using one hand, one foot or even mouth. Nothing stops them from using their talent, intelligence and their knowledge.

Q1. To cope up with disability one needs lot of ................

(a) Courage
(b) Determination
(c) Courage and determination
(d) Effort

Sunday, 18 December 2016

SSC STENO (Grade C & D) Entrance Examination 2016 - General Awareness-1

SSC STENO (Grade C & D) Entrance  Examination 2016

SSC STENO (Grade C & D) Entrance  Examination 2016 - General Awareness-1

General Awareness-1

Q51. The Fall of Bastille is associated with the
(A) French Revolution of 1789
(B) American War of Independence
(C) Greek War of Independence
(D) Russian Revolution of November, 1917

Q52. Which Governor General was called as the ‘Father of Local Self-Government’ in India?

(A) Lord Canning
(B) Lord William Bentinck
(C) Lord Ripon
(D) Lord Wellesley

Q53. “The Three Emperors’ League”, 1873 was also as

(A) Triple Alliance
(B) Reinsurance Treaty
(C) The Dual Alliance
(D) Dreikaiserbund Treaty

Saturday, 17 December 2016

English Grammar - Types Of Tense (Table Chart)

Types Of Tense

English Grammar - Types Of Tense (Table Chart)

Conventions Used:
P = Positive
N = Negative
I  = Interrogative
IN =Interrogative + Negative

    He plays
    I play
N-Sub(Sing)+does not+V-1
    He does not play
    Sub(PL)+do not+play
    I do not play
   Does he play?
   Do I play?
   Does he not play?
   Do I not play?
P Sub+V-2
   He played
   I played
N-Sub+did not=V-1
   He did not play
   I did not play
   Did he play?
   Did I play?
   Did he not play?
   Did I not play?

   I shall play
   He will play
   I shall not play
   He will not play
   Shall I play?
   Will he play?
   Shall I not play?
   Will he not play?

Wednesday, 14 December 2016

English Vocabulary - Know Your Phobia

Know Your Phobia

English Vocabulary
English Vocabulary - Know Your Phobia

1. Fear of open spaces

2. Hates England and the English

3. A morbid fear of lightning

4. Fear of enclosed spaces

Tuesday, 13 December 2016




National Days

December 4              Navy Day

December 14            National Energy Conservation Day

December 18            Minorities Rights Day

December 23            Kisan Diwas किसान दिवस (Farmers Day)

December 24            National Consumers Rights Day

Thursday, 8 December 2016

Current Affairs Quiz (November 2016)

Current Affairs Quiz 

(November 2016)

Current Affairs Quiz (November 2016)

Q1: Which state constructed the first bicycle highway?

Q2: Name the country which launched bond notes equivalent to US Dollars?

Q3: Whose 158th birthday was commemorated by Google Doodle for his contribution in radio waves communications? (Hint: An Indian physicst)

Q4: The ninth Delhi Queer Pride Parade showed concerns against which bill?

Q5: Name the third Indian cricketer ever to register over 500 runs and take more than 50 wickets in a calendar year?

Q6: Name the Indian golfer who is the first one to win the Ladies European Tour, 2016?

Q7: Name the Indian boxer will receive 'Legends Award' by Amateur International Boxing?

Sunday, 4 December 2016

General Knowledge Quiz-3

General Knowledge Quiz-3

Following MCQs taken from Common Law Admission Test (CLAT 2016)

26. Power to summon the Houses of the Parliament is vested with _____

(A) Speaker and Vice-President
(B) Vice-President
(C) Prime Minister
(D) President

27. Who was conferred the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award during August, 2015?

(A) Saina Nehwal
(B) Virat Kohli
(C) Sania Mirza
(D) Dhoni

28. Which state has become the first state to introduce compulsory gender education at the graduate level?

(A) Kerala
(B) Punjab
(C) Telangana
(D) Andhra Pradesh

Saturday, 3 December 2016

General Knowledge Quiz- 2

General Knowledge Quiz-2

General Knowledge Quiz- 2

Following MCQs taken from Common Law Admission Test (CLAT 2016)

11. The Parliament of which country became first Parliament in the world to run entirely on Solar Power?

(A) Pakistan
(B) India
(C) Japan
(D) UK

12. ‘Beyond the Lines—An Auto-biography’ is authored by ___________.

(A) Justice Krishna Iyer
(B) Mr. Arun Shourie
(C) Mr. Soli Sarab Ji
(D) Mr. Kuldip Nayar

13. Parliament of India consists of ____________

(A) Council of States
(B) House of the People and the Council of States
(C) House of the people
(D) President, House of the People and Council of States

14. How many Indian Universities/ Institutes figure among the top 200 in BRICS rankings?

(A) 20
(B) 16
(C) 6
(D) 26

Friday, 2 December 2016



November 1 : World Vegan day

November 5 : World Radiography day.

November 9 : World services day

November 11 : Education Day

November 14 : Children's Day in India, Jawaharlal Nehru birthday